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LECTURE 154 基本动词TAKE 3

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2020年06月29日

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LECTURE 154 基本动词TAKE 3

词组讲解

1. take a hint ** 察觉到,领会(别人的暗示)

解 习语;词义溯源:接受[提示(hint)]

例 Iwalked in and right away I could see I was not welcome. Nancy's mother was looking daggers at me. In fact, her whole family was giving me dirty looks . So I took a hint and politely excused myself from the gathering.

2. take a leaf out of one's book ** 学某人的样子,模仿,参照

解 习语;词义溯源:从别人的书中取一[页(leaf)]

例 Mayor Gotfried would do well to take a leaf out of his predecessor's book and seek a consensus on issues as contentious as this one. However, he's taking a “father-knows-best” approach and going ahead with the expansion of the police force despite serious opposition among a large number of citizen groups.

3. take 〔have〕 a look at sb. or sth. / take a look ** 看一下,打量

解 习语;词义溯源:采取[看(look)]某人或某物的行为

例 Investigator Greely asked me to take a look at a book of photos of criminals previously arrested for burglary in the Princeton Heights area, but I was unable to identify any of them. Then he asked me if I could think of anything the burglar had said, but nothing came to mind . I was too exhausted to concentrate.

4. take a 〔another〕 new turn ** 出现新的局面或新的发展方向

解 习语;词义溯源:采取[新的(new)][变化(turn)]

例 Manson's trial took yet another new turn yesterday afternoon when his defense lawyer called on his ex-wife as a surprise witness. Ms. Carol Davies Manson was thought to have died two years ago in a traffic accident.

5. take a powder * 匆忙离去;不辞而别

解 俚语;词义溯源:取走[粉末、尘土(powder)]

例 Agroup of teenagers boldly did a number on the Palace Bar last night in front a crowd of over three hundred patrons. Witnesses say five young men and four teenaged girls carrying knives and sticks, demolished the glass-encased DJ station and then quickly took a powder before the security officers could confront them.

巩固练习

(A) take a hint

(B) take a leaf out of his book

(C) take a look at

(D) take another new turn

(E) take a powder

1. A: My parents are always telling me I should do things the way my older brother would do them. I hate it. They put my brother on a pedestal . B: I know it must be difficult being the younger brother of a man like your brother. He really is almost perfect. Still, your parents might be right—it wouldn't be a bad idea to ______ sometimes.

2. A: He won't understand something you suggest indirectly to him. If you don't want him to come with us on the camping trip, you'd better tell him so. B: Is he really so stupid that he can't ______? My God! Okay, I'll tell him.

3. A: Sir, could you watch this boy while I chase after the other two? He and those two boys over there were stealing from that shop. B: What am I supposed to do? Make sure he doesn't leave the place? A: Right. Just make sure he doesn't ______ like his friends have.

4. A: It's amazing how a little rain has changed the direction of our situation. Last week, it looked as though we were going to lose everything. B: And now it's likely we'll have a great harvest this year. Let's hope things don't ______ before September.

5. A: Jim, could you briefly examine my paper to make sure it's in the correct format and doesn't have any spelling or grammar errors? B: I'm really quite busy right now, Ming Hu. Could you ask Lisa or Vincent to ______ it? I'm sure they'd be happy to.

■ ANSWER

1. (B)

2. (A)

3. (E)

4. (D)

5. (C)

参考译文

I. 1. 我一进去就发现他们不欢迎我。南希的妈妈对我怒目而视。实际上,他们全家人都轻蔑地看着我。所以我领会了他们的暗示,有礼貌地离开了那个聚会。

2. 戈特弗里德市长在效仿前任市长方面能做得很好,在这种有争议的问题上也能达成一致。然而他正采取一个“父为子纲”的方法,虽然很多居民严重反对,但他仍继续扩大警力。

3. 调查员格里利让我看一看之前因为在普林斯顿高地地区入室行窃被捕的罪犯的照片,但是我没能认出他们中的任何人。接着他问我能不能想起窃贼说了什么,但是我什么都想不起来。我太累了,不能集中注意力。

4. 昨天下午,当曼森的辩护律师让他的前妻作为神秘证人时,曼森的审讯出现了转机。卡萝尔·戴维斯·曼森女士曾被认为在两年前的一起车祸中身亡。

5. 一群青少年昨晚在三百多名老顾客面前肆无忌惮地破坏皇宫酒吧。目击者称五名年轻人和四名少女携带着刀和棍棒,袭击了被玻璃封闭的主持人播音室,之后在保安人员到来之前匆匆离去。

II. 1. A:我的父母总是告诉我,我应该学我哥哥的做事方式。我讨厌这点。他们把我哥哥当成了偶像崇拜。B:我知道,当你哥哥这种人的弟弟非常难。他真的近乎完美。但是,你父母有可能是对的——有时效仿别人也不错。

2. A:他不会理解你间接的建议。如果你不想让他和我们一起参加露营旅行,最好直接告诉他。B:他真的那么愚蠢,不能领会别人的暗示吗?我的天哪!好吧,我会告诉他。

3. A:先生,我追那两个男孩的时候你能帮我看着这个男孩吗?他和那边的两个男孩在那个商店里偷了东西。B:我该怎么做呢?确保他不离开这里吗?A:是的。只要确保他不像他的朋友们那样悄悄逃走就行。

4. A:下了一点雨就改变了我们面临的局势,真是令人惊讶。上周我们看起来好像要失去一切了。B:现在看起来,我们今年很可能会大丰收。让我们期待,九月之前不会出现其他新的变故。

5. A:吉姆,你能简单地检查一下我的论文,确保它格式正确,不存在任何拼写或语法错误吗?B:我现在真的很忙,明虎。你可以找莉萨或文森特来看一看吗?我确定他们会愿意帮你。


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